In futures day trading it is often referred to "big players" that are moving the markets. The following article lists the 10 largest players in the commodity sector that have an extensive influence on the commodity markets and act as market markers similar to influential prop trading firms. In order flow trading, the aim is to identify those players in the markets with the respective order flow trading strategy and benefit from their purchasing respectively selling power.


Revenues: $225 billion (2019)

CEO: Russel Hardy

Chairperson: Ian Taylor

Founded: 1966

Headquarters: London (United Kingdom)

Stock Listing: Private Company

Number of Employees: 1365

Source: Vitol Group

Vitol was founded 1966 in Rotterdam, Netherlands. Today, the company serves clients from around 40 offices worldwide and is invested in energy assets. Being a leader in the energy sector, Vitol covers the spectrum from oil to power, renewables and carbon. Vitol's clients include national as well as multinational oil companies and leading industrial companies. The company trades around 8 million barrels per day of crude oil and related products and has 250 ships transporting its cargoes.


Revenue: $142.3 billion (2020)

CEO: Ivan Glasenberg

Founded: 1974

Headquarters: Baar (Switzerland), London (United Kingdom), Rotterdam (Netherlands)

Stock listing: London Stock Exchange (FTSE 100 component)

Employees: 145,000

Source: Glencore

Glencore was founded in 1974 and is today one of the largest traders of metals, minerals and oil and ranks in the Fortune Global 500 list of the world's largest companies and is de facto the world's largest commodity trading company. Despite having significant coal, metal, and oil assets, Glencore revenues are dominated by trading activities as the company had total revenues of $142 billion in 2020. Glencore maintains a global market share of 60% in internationally tradeable zinc, 50% internationally tradeable copper, 9% internationally tradeable grain and 3% in the internationally tradeable oil market.


Revenues: $147 billion (2020)

CEO: Jeremy Weir

Founded: 1993

Headquarters: Singapore (Singapore), Geneva (Switzerland)

Stock Listing: Private Company

Employees: 8,500

Source: Trafigura

Trafigura was founded in 1993 and is today one of the largest independent commodity trading companies in the world while being present in about 48 countries worldwide. The company sources, transports and delivers a range of raw materials including oil, refined products as well as metals and minerals. In addition, Trafigura as recently established a power and renewable energy division. Their trading business is supported by industrial and financial assets while maintaining a significant shareholding in the global oil products and distribution company Puma Energy.


Revenue: $121 billion (2019)

CEO: Marco Dunand

Founded: 2004

Headquarters: Geneva (Switzerland)

Stock Listing: Private Company

Employees: 1,200

Source: Mercuria

Mercuria was founded in 2004 and took over the commodities trading arm of J.P. Morgan in 2014. Today, the company operates in 50 countries serving their clients from around 40 offices worldwide. Mercuria is one of the world's largest independent energy traders having its core business in sourcing, supplying and trading of crude oil and refined petroleum products. The company moves about 1.5 million barrels of crude and oil products daily and has upstream and downstream assets ranging from oil reserves in Argentina, Canada and the US, to oil and products terminals in Europe and China. In addition, their portfolio includes natural gas, LNG, coal, iron ore, base metals, biofuels and environmental products as well as other dry bulk commodities and agricultural products while maintaining substantial investment in the coal mining industry and bio fuels plants in Germany and the Netherlands.


Revenue: $114.6 billion (2018)

CEO: Dave MacLennan

Founded: 1865

Headquarters: Minnetonka (USA)

Stock Listing: Private Company

Employees: 166,000

Source: Cargill

Cargill was founded in 1865 and, today, represents the largest privately held company in the United States in terms of revenue - if it would be a public company it would rank number 15 on the Fortune 500. Cargill is famous for their agribusiness but is also prominent in energy and biofuels production as well steel and salt. The company's major business is trading, purchasing and distributing grain and other agricultural commodities. Cargill also maintains a large financial services arm which manages financial risks in the commodities markets for the company.


Revenue: $115 billion (2019)

CEO: Charles Koch

Founded: 1940

Headquarters: Wichita (USA)

Stock Listing: Private Company

Employees: 100,000

Source: Koch Industries

Koch Industries was founded in 1940. Today, the company operates in about 60 countries with half of its business in the United States and developed to a multinational corporation involved in commodities trading and the refining, and distribution of petroleum, chemicals, energy, fiber, intermediates and polymers, minerals, fertilizers, pulp and paper, and ranching. The company is the largest non-Canadian landowner in the Athabasca oil sands.


Revenue: $ 64.65 billion (2019)

CEO: John Luciano

Founded: 1902

Headquarters: Chicago (USA)

Stock Listing: NYSE

Employees: 38,100

Source: ADM

Archer Daniels Midland Co. was founded in 1902 and, today, operates more than 270 plants and 420 crop procurement facilities worldwide. Its segments include Agricultural Services, which utilises its United States grain elevator, global transportation network and port operations to buy, store, clean and transport agricultural commodities.


Revenue: $63 billion (2019)

CEO: Torbjörn Törnqvist

Founded: 2000

Headquarters: Registered in Cyprus

Trading offices: Geneva (Switzerland), Singapore (Singapore), Dubai (UAE), Nassau (Bahamas)

Stock Listing: Private Company

Employees: 1,500

Source: Gunvor Group

Gunvor Group was founded in 2000 and operates from its trading offices in Geneva, Singapore, Nassau and Dubai while maintaining a representative offices around the globe. The company is involved in trade, transport, storage and optimisation of petroleum and other energy products. Gunvor Group has investments in oil terminals and port facilities as well and its operation consists of securing oil upstream and delivering it to the market via pipelines and tankers.


Revenue: $45.7 billion (2018)

CEO: Greg Heckman

Founded: 1818

Headquarters: New York (United States)

Stock listing: NYSE

Employees: 32,000

Source: Bunge

Bunge was founded 1818 in Amsterdam, Netherlands. Today, the company operates their business from New York, United States. Their focus is on trading oil seeds and grains, produces sugar and ethanol, mills wheat and corn to make ingredients used by food companies and sells fertilizer in North and South America. Bunge is a clearing member of the Chicago Board of Trade (CME Group).


Revenue: $43 billion (2018)

CEO: Michael Gelchie

Founded: 1851

Headquarters: Rotterdam (Netherlands)

Stock Listing: Private Company

Employees: 22,000

Source: Louis Dreyfus Company

Louis Dreyfus Company was founded 1851 in Rotterdam, Netherlands. Today, the company is predominantly involved in agriculture commodity trading, food processing and international shipping and is one of the top agricultural commodity trading companies in the world. The company makes up about 10% of the world's agricultural product trade flows, and it is the world's most substantial cotton and rice trader. It is also regarded by many as the second-largest player in the world's sugar market. The Metals unit expanded to become the world’s third-biggest trader of copper, zinc and lead concentrate.